Who is Rudra? – Rudra is a form of Lord Shiva who is considered ‘The Undefeatable Warrior’ and ‘Remover of Sins’. Shaivism explains that Shiva performs all five acts (Pancha Kritya) in this universe, which are Srishti (Creation) Sthithi (Preservation) Samhara (Destruction) Thirobhava (Concealment) Anugraha (Grace/Salvation). Each of these acts is mainly administered by specific forms (aspects) of Shiva. The Vedic chant ‘Sri Rudram’ also known as Namakam is an important and very powerful chant in Shaivism, is dedicated to Rudra and praises all of His qualities and attributes. There are eleven forms of Rudra namely, Mahadeva Rudra, Shiva Rudra, Maha Rudra, Shankara Rudra, Neelalohita Rudra, Ishana Rudra, Vijaya Rudra, Bheema Rudra, Devadeva Rudra, Bhavodbhava Rudra and Kapalisha Rudra or Adityatmaka Sri Rudra.
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